ST 404 Understanding Jesus Christ Today

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Module Level


Time Allowance

4 hours on campus lectures during the weekend residentials (divided between 2 weekends) 6 hours live on-line lectures on Wednesday evening, 6 hours of self-directed learning, Assignment – 15 hours, Private Study – 24 hours.


Essay or Exam

Module Aims

  • To reflect on the mystery of Christ, as revealing in Scripture and Tradition, and as lived today.

Indicative Syllabus:

  • Introduction to contemporary developments in Christology
  • Scriptural, historical, and anthropological anticipation of the Incarnation
  • The Reign of God in Jesus Christ
  • The Christological Councils
  • The Hellenization of Christianity
  • Why did Christ come and why so late?
  • Medieval Christology: academic and monastic
  • Reformation Christology
  • The Search for the Historical Jesus
  • The Freedom and Sinlessness of Christ
  • Jesus’ Knowledge and Self-Consciousness Redemption: From Image to Likeness

Learning Outcomes

  • • Demonstrate a solid understanding of the identity of Jesus Christ in the light of Scripture and Tradition
  • • Appreciate the centrality of the Paschal Mystery in Christology
  • • Understand the meaning of Redemption
  • • Know the issues in Christology that marked the first millennium of the Church
  • Be familiar with Medieval and Reformation Christologies
  • • Be able to analyse contemporary Christological issues
  • • Be acquainted with contemporary writings in Christology


  • Grillmeier, Aloys. Christ in Christian Tradition I: From the Apostolic Age to the Council of Chalcedon 451.English translation by John Bowden. Westminster: John Knox Press, 1975.
  • Catechism of the Catholic Church. Dublin: Veritas, 1994, Articles 2-7 §§ 430-683
  • Grillmeier, Aloys. Christ in Christian Tradition II: From Chalcedon to Justinian I. English translation by Pauline Allen and John Cawte. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1987.
  • Kereszty, Roch A. Jesus Christ: Fundamentals of Christology. New York: Alba House, 1991.
  • Loewe, William P. The College Student’s Introduction to Christology. Collegeville, Minnesota: The Liturgical Press, 1996.
  • Lohfink, Gerhard. Jesus of Nazareth: What He Wanted, Who He Was. Collegeville, Minnesota: Liturgical Press, 2012.
  • Moloney, Raymond. The Knowledge of Christ. London and New York: Continuum, 1999.
  • O’Collins, Gerald. Christology. A Biblical, Historical and Systematic Study of Jesus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, 2009.
  • O’Collins, Gerald. “Developments in Christology: The Last Fifty Years”, The Australasian Catholic Record, 90, 2, April, 2013.
  • O’Sullivan, Noel. Christ and Creation: Christology as the key to interpreting the theology of creation in the works of Henri de Lubac. Oxford: Peter Lang, 2009.
  • O’Sullivan, Noel. “An Emerging Christology,” in Jordan Hillebert. The T&T Clark Companion to Henri de Lubac. London: Bloomsbury, 2017, 327-348.
  • Ratzinger, Joseph, Pope Benedict XVI. Jesus of Nazareth. London: Bloomsbury, 2007.
  • Ratzinger, Joseph, Pope Benedict XVI. Jesus of Nazareth. Holy Week: From the entrance into Jerusalem to the Resurrection. London: CTS, 2011.
  • Articles • Delio, Ilia. “Revisiting the Franciscan Doctrine of Christ,” Theological Studies Vol. 64, N° 1, 2003, 3-23. • Dupuis, Jacques. Toward a Christian Theology of Religious Pluralism. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, 1997, 2001. • Gutiérrez, Gustavo. “The Options for the Poor Arises from Faith in Christ.” Theological Studies 70:2. 2009, 317-26. • Matera, Frank J. “Christ in the Theologies of Paul and John: Diverse Unity of New Testament Theology.” Theological Studies 67:2, June 2006, 237-56.